Risk Of Procedure
Risks or side effects associated with Vasectomy
Although complications such as swelling, bruising, inflammation, hematoma, and infection may occur after the surgery, they are not common and usually not serious. Men who develop these symptoms, as defined by the National institiue of Child health and human development , at any time should contact their physician:
Another possible long term side effect of no-scapel vasectomy is sperm granulomas. Sperm granulomas are miniature lumps caused when sperm leaks out from the cut end of the vas deferens after sugery. During the no-scapel, the vas deferens is severed and then cauterized, tied or blocked off to prevent sperm leakage. Some men are able to feel these lumps in the testicles, which sometimes cause pain and inflammation. For severe discomfort, surgery is used to correct this condition.
Long-term pain and discomfort felt in the testicles and lower pelvic region after vasectomy surgery has an accepted condition called PVPS. This cause and solutions ar enot the same for each man. Some men seek treatment for PVPS with medication, nerve blocks, or psychiatric care to learn how to cope with the pain. This condition is very rare.
After vasectomy, the testes continue to make sperm. When the sperm cells die, they are absorbed by the body, just as they are in a man who has not had a vasectomy. Sometimes, however, men, following a vasectomy, develop immune reactions to sperm. Sperm usually don’t come in contact with immune cells, so they do not elicit an immune response. But, vasectomy breaches the barriers that separate immune cells from sperm and men can develop anti-sperm antibodies after the surgery.